Common Eye Diseases

Macular Degeneration


"Age related macular degeneration is the leading cause of severe vision loss in adults over 50."  Caucasians are at higher risk of developing AMD and women develop it at an earlier age than men, in some cases.  This disorder occurs when there have been changes to the macula.  The macula is the small area of the retina located on the back layer of the eye.  Once the macula is damaged, the person's central vision may become blurred.  AMD can cause every day tasks to be difficult to accomplish due to vision impairment.  The positive news is, it almost never causes loss of peripheral/side vision.



Glaucoma is the second -leading cause of blindness in the United States.  It is an eye disorder that can cause severe damage to the optic nerve, ultimately resulting in loss of vision.  Primary open angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma, this form gradually develops and often times develops with little to no symptoms.  Most people do not even realize they have the disorder until they suffer from significant loss of vision, because POAG initially affects a person's peripheral vision but, left untreated, it could potentially cause loss of central vision and blindness in both eyes.  Glaucoma can be controlled by medications and surgery.

Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness in Americans suffering from diabetes.  This eye disease occurs when the blood vessels  of the retina are damaged. Non-proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy is the early stage of the disease, during this stage the blood vessel begin to bulge.  Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy is the most severe stage, during this stage growth of abnormal vessels are present. There are currently close to 8 million diabetic Americans, living with Diabetic Retinopathy.